Examples of evolution!
When the cold bites, When the review stings,When the news is sad, I simply remember these evolving things,And then I don’t feel so bad!— with apologies to Rodgers and Hammerstein
Over on Twitter, the biology students from George Jenkins High School in Lakeland, Florida, asked me and many others: “What’s your favorite example of evolution?” There are so many fascinating examples that it’s hard for me to pick just one. So, here are half a dozen examples that are among my favorites.
- The discovery by Neil Shubin and colleagues of Tiktaalik, an extinct fish (pictured below) from the Devonian that was poised to give rise to terrestrial vertebrates. You can read about this work in Shubin’s award-winning book, Your Inner Fish, which was also made into a PBS show.
- The discovery by Svante Pääbo and colleagues of the Denisovans, an extinct lineage of…
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R. Lenski talk about the fluctuation test (Luria/Delbrück experiment), very interesting!
Here’s the first of my blog posts on “must-read” papers. I hope others will find these papers interesting and useful.
[I’ve cobbled this post together by borrowing from a couple of previous writings where I explained why the Luria and Delbrück’s experiment is my all-time favorite. One of these earlier pieces was a Q & A in Current Biology(2003); the other was an essay that appeared in Microbe (2011) and then in the book Microbes and Evolution: The World That Darwin Never Saw(2012). I’ve also tweaked the text and added some bits to make things flow.]
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Some people say that epigenetics are going to change completly the field of evolutionary biology. I think those are overreactions to cool words and reality will be that “findings in that area will also fit comfortably within modern evolutionary theory.”
The word “epigenetics” once meant simply “development”—that is, the way the genome worked itself into an organism through the production and regulation of proteins and absorption of food and materials from the outside, and the turning of some genes on and others off in different tissues. Now, however, the term means roughly “forms of inheritance that rest on modification of the DNA sequence,” and by “DNA sequence” I mean the sequence of four bases (A, G, C, and T) that constitutes the DNA code.
We now realize, though, that some DNA bases can be modified, and in an inherited way, in a manner that can affect the development, behavior, or structure of an organism. Such modification often takes place via DNA methylation, in which some of those four bases acquire methyl groups, thereby changing how the DNA functions.
Such methylation, as you’ll see by reading the Wikipedia link above…
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As a software developer the most amazing thing are Open Source projects, they are just awesome, they are free and they work perfectly, projects like apache are just one of the great things about Open Source.
In academia/research there are also some “Open” stuff, we have Open Access. For example, I am in love with Plos one and InTech, Plos one is an Open Access peer review journal and InTech publish Open Access books.
Do you know of any other Open Access resources? I would love to check them out.
I was trying to install linux and it is done :)
The guide proposed was a little outdated and not everything worked as smooth as possible but the information there was of big help. (Madman, thx again, great work)
To explain a little, the main problem was setting the NVidia video card in the Alienware M14X to, actually, work; after my first installation try the problem was I could not see anything because the NVidia card did not worked; to fix this the procedure I followed was:
- Install linux (ubuntu) with the power cord unpluged (so the NVidia card is not used)
- Update the ubuntu kernel
linux-headers*-all.deb linux-headers*generic*-<yourarchitecture>.deb linux-image*-<yourarchitecture>.deb
sudo dpkg -i <linux-headers all file> <linux-headers generic file> <linux-image file>
- Install Bumblebee
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:mj-casalogic/bumblebee sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install bumblebee
Configuring bumblebee select “Mario Höllein” or “MadmanMT” profile configuration
- Configure the USB
I just saw the first episode of Curiosity: Did God create the universe?, very nice episode. I love to see scientist saying things that are uncomfortable and outside of the box, people have relegated science to just explain things outside of religion, but this is a nice example how science can answer big questions and that we will have to adapt our beliefs with reality.
I recommend to watch it to everybody, its an amazing show
The episode does gives a simple answer to the question it ask, Did God create the universe? Well… simply, No.
Update: This post was for Ubuntu 11.04, I updated my system to 12.04 and it is still working perfectly.
Well, I just changed my computer. My old MacBook pro got its logic board burned (damn macs!)
Searching for a new laptop I decided I wanted to buy a MacBook pro of 13″ or a new m14x Alienware. Well, my decision was easy, apple, for some reason, sells computers in Europe at the same price than the US but in Euros, that means: a US $1200 computer becomes a EUR$ 1200 computer = US $1700 … kind of expensive for what you are buying. Does anybody knows why? Is just for making more money? Is because of the taxes? Is because apple is now an evil corporation? I would appreciate if anybody knows…
Well, then, I needed to install Linux. I didn’t check anything before hand because I thought: “Who in this world would make a computer incapable of running Linux?”… well… what a surprise! As a matter of fact, the Alienware laptops have a HUGE problem when you are installing Linux, I tried installing Ubuntu 11.4 as any normal person would, but then, after restarting something strange happened to my monitor: half of the monitor was black, the other half was white with small black stripes. The reason? You don’t want to know… nvidia optimus does not work for linux and Alienware bios do not allow to disable optimus (thanks alienware and nvidia, you fucking rock! )
But everything is not bad, thanks the FSM for internet. I was not the first person having this problem (obviously) and there was a “madman” who was capable of installing linux in his m14x, I will be following his guide and will write about how everything goes.
The guide: Linux installation thread
here’s how i did it.
Install ubuntu x64 11.04 with the power adapter unplugged.
when you will have to reboot, if you are lucky you will see the interface, when i got the screen display issue i had, i had to shut down completely and wait then open a terminal and do the following.
This will install the 2.6.39-0 kernel. You will reboot, then get the bumblebee project.
you will do sudo apt-get install git
then do the following
git clone https://github.com/MrMEEE/bumblebee.git
then go inside the bumblebee directory and do
sudo ./install.sh and follow the instructions
when you get promped for which laptop to use, choose 1 which should be the L502X.
then, to use your applications with the nvidia card, run optirun32 or optirun64 application name
If you are going to do it, read the whole thread, it is not long and in it they also talk how to fix the USB3 and other stuff
Well… just to end, to madmantm: tank you! to Dell (Alienware) and Nvidia: grow up! Some people need linux… ok?